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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.


International Narcotics Trafficking

The Presidential Decision Directive 42, issued on 21st. October, 1995, ordered the executive branch of the US Government to increase the resources engaged to the immense threat that international narcotics trafficking provides to national security; work more intimately with other governments to build up a global response to this ever-growing threat; and use effectively all legal means available to combat international crime.

The International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) was enacted to combat and put stringent sanctions to four international narcotics traffickers that regulate from Colombia.

According to the US Code, the term “narcotics trafficking” means any unlawful activity involving drug trafficking and drug trade to develop, produce, distribute, sell, provide finance, or carry narcotic drugs, or controlled substances, or listed chemicals, or otherwise attempt to do so, or, to conspire with others to do so.

The Drug Enforcement Administration or DEA was established to put into effect the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States the organizations and the persons involved with those organizations in the manufacture, or distribution or sell of controlled substances to be used for illegal traffic in the United States.

Penalties for the illegal drug trade or drug related crime:-

Criminal penalties -

  • Whoever deliberately infringes the provisions of this rule, or regulation issued pursuant to the Presidential Decision, or intentionally neglects or refuses to comply with any order –
    1. Will be imprisoned for not more than 10 years
    2. Fined not more than $10,000,000, or both
  • Any officer, director, or agent of any entity who consciously violates the provisions shall be imprisoned for not more than 30 years or fined not more than $5,000,000, or both.
Civil penalties -

A civil penalty will not be more than $1,000,000 which can be imposed by the Secretary of the Treasury on any person who violates any license, order, rule, or regulation issued by the Presidential Directive.

(Morehttp://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode21/usc_sup_01_21.html)