The Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 has been enacted for the regulation of printing-presses and newspapers, for the preservation of copies of books and newspapers printed in India and for the registration of such books and newspapers. This is the oldest law relating to the press, still existing in India. This regulatory law was aimed to enable the government to regulate printing presses and newspapers and other matter printed in India. Several minor amendments were made in the Act to fulfill the need of the changing situation. However, on the basis of the recommendations of the First Press Commission in 1953, a major amendment was made in the Act which created the Office of the Registrar of Newspapers of India (RNI) and laid down its duties and functions. It started to function in 1956. The Act contains the particulars to be printed on books and papers, rules as to publication of newspapers and requires the keeper of printing press to make certain declarations.