The Copyright Act, 1957 has been enacted with an objective to amend and consolidate the law relating to copyright in India. The Act has been legislated in compliance with the international conventions and treaties in the field of copyrights. India is a member of the Berne Convention of 1886 (as modified at Paris in 1971), the Universal Copyright Convention of 1951 and the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement of 1995. India is not a member of the Rome Convention of 1961, but the provisions of the Copyright Act, 1957 is in conformity with the Rome Convention provisions. The Act requires for the establishment of a Copyright Office headed by Registrar of Copyrights to be appointed by the Central Government, who would act under the superintendence and directions of the Central Government.
The Act requires the Central Government to constitute the Copyright Board for the execution of the provisions of this Act. The Act defines copyright as the exclusive right subject to the provisions of this Act, to do or authorise the doing of certain acts specified therein in respect of a work or any substantial part thereof.