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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.

Infrastructure - Electricity

There has been a phenomenal growth in installed capacity and electricity generation mainly thermal, hydel and nuclear power in India since independence. Despite the massive growth in generation capacity, severe power shortages prevail throughout India. There is energy deficiency of approximately 11 per cent and shortage 18 per cent and the capacity addition has fallen far short of consumption growth. The per capita energy consumption is growing rapidly but is still much lower than consumption standards existing in developed economies. The Domestic, industrial and irrigation sector consumers utilize over 85 per cent of India's electrical energy. India has total installed capacity of 83,288MW. Around 65 per cent is owned and operated by the State Electricity Boards and 29 per cent by corporations set up by the Central Government including National Thermal Power Corporation (which uses coal and gas-fired units), National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC), National Lignite Corporation (NLC) and Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) which generates both coal based and hydel power. NTPC is the largest among these, which owns two-thirds (17,000 MW) of the total capacity of central undertakings. Nuclear stations under the Central Government-owned Nuclear Power Corporation generate 2 per cent of installed capacity, and four private distributors generate the remaining 4 per cent. The Electricity Act, 2003 aims to consolidate the laws relating to generation, transmission, distribution, trading and use of electricity and provides for the constitution of the Central Electricity Authority, Regulatory Commissions and Appellate Tribunals, etc.