Civil Aviation is an integral part of the transport industry and growth of its infrastructure is crucial for sustainable development of trade and tourism in India. Presently, 14 domestic airlines and 80 international airlines are operating in India. In order to expand air connectivity in cities and to promote regional air connectivity a separate category of permit, Scheduled Air Transport (Regional) Services has been introduced. In the 11th Five Year Plan, the Civil Aviation Sector envisages to have a world class infrastructure providing aviation services and passenger amenities of global standards in a safe and secured environment in order to foster growth in passenger and cargo traffic. The Ministry of Civil Aviation (http://civilaviation.nic.in/) is responsible for the formulation of national policies and programmes for development and regulation of Civil Aviation. The Ministry devises and implementing schemes for orderly growth and expansion of Civil Air transport and also oversees the provision of airport facilities, air traffic services and carriage of passengers and goods by air. The National Civil Aviation Policy (
http://civilaviation.nic.in/moca/civ_pol.html#MISSION) aims for the creation and continued facilitation of a competitive and service-oriented civil aviation environment. The Policy on Airport Infrastructure seeks to provide a boost to international trade and tourism and enhance the country's image in the comity of nations. The Airport Authority of India (http://www.airportsindia.org.in/AAI/main.jsp) was constituted on 1st April 1995 by merging the International Airports Authority of India and the National Airports Authority aiming to accelerate the integrated development, expansion and modernization of the operational, terminal and cargo facilities at the airports in the country conforming to international standards. Currently there are 449 airports in India out of which The Airport Authority of India owns and manages 92 airports and 28 civil enclaves at Defence Airfields and provides air traffic services over the entire Indian airspace and adjoining oceanic areas.