Since a long time, India has been depending on conventional sources of energy for power generation. Presently, the major contribution towards power generation in India comes from Coal based thermal power stations, hydroelectric power generation and Non - conventional sources like nuclear, wind, tidal etc. India needs an adequate and uninterrupted power generation for its overall development. The conventional sources has got limitations with the depleting coal deposits and the limited potential of Hydel power, the future requirements of power can only be satisfied by exploiting nuclear and other non conventional resources. Unlike other non-conventional resources, nuclear power stations are appropriate for large central generating stations and hence Atomic Power holds great potential in the sector power production in India. India has achieved self-sufficiency in the Nuclear Science and Technology owing to the pioneering efforts initiated by Dr. Homi Bhabha who visualized the Indian Nuclear Program and contribution of various Atomic Research and Development Centers including Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Department of Atomic Energy, (
http://www.dae.gov.in/) Government of India. The Atomic Energy Act, 1962 provides for the development, control and use of atomic energy for the welfare of the people of India and for other peaceful purposes. This Act was implemented with the objectives of using two naturally occurring elements Uranium and Thorium having good potential to be utilized as nuclear fuel in Indian Nuclear Power Reactors. In India the estimated deposits of Natural Uranium is about 70,000 tonnes and deposits of Thorium is about 3,60,000 tonnes. The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd., a Public Sector Undertaking dedicated itself to increase nuclear power generation capacity in the Country consistent with the available resources in a self reliant, safe, economical and rapid manner in keeping with the growth of energy demand in the Country.