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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.


Industrial Policy Of Himachal Pradesh

Clearances by the State Environment and Pollution Control Board
  1. The State Environment and Pollution Control Board will specifically streamline its procedures for the grant of NOC required prior to the setting up of the project and clearances required after the project has been set up. For Thrust industries, and other Specified industries, as identified by the Government of India in its package dated 7th January, 2003 for the State of H.P. and for other such industries identified as Thrust industries by the State Government in its incentive package under this policy, NOC required prior to the setting up of such projects would be granted after adhering to the statutory procedure and within 15 days of completion of the statutory processes and receipt of complete application.
  2. The State Environment and Pollution Control Board will draw up a list of SSIs and Medium and Large Scale projects, and terms and conditions to be complied with which would be exempt from applying for NOCs/consents.
Reforms

Issues related to reforms in the Labour Department:
  1. Annual Inspections
    With a view to reduce and abolish the number of inspections to the extent possible under various Act and laws, a scheme for self certification would be started for Industrial Units in H.P.Inspections where felt necessary in Public Interest will be carried out after prior approval of the specified authorities only and would be undertaken to investigate only written complaints, press reports, issue of consent and approvals or their renewal, and cases where legal proceedings necessitate such inspections. In case of written complaints, being investigated a copy of the complaint would also be furnished to the management. Adequate emphasis will be laid on attitudinal changes of the delivery institutions so as to minimise harassment of the entrepreneurs.
  2. Maintenance of Registers
    The maintenance of registers under different labour laws would be rationalized and simplified keeping with the statutory requirements. A single Muster and Attendance roll meeting with the requirements of Factories Act, Minimum Wages Act and ESI Act would be implemented. A single Register of wages wherein all the information required under Registers of ‘Fine’,‘Advance’, ‘Leave’, and ‘Damage or Loss’ would also be introduced. Similarly, a single Accident register would be specified keeping in mind the requirements of the provisions of the Factories Act and ESI Act. A single Inspection book for all inspections to be done by any State Government departmental authorities would be introduced.
  3. Filing of Returns
    With the objective of _ eliminating confusion due to similar details being filed in different forms and similar titles, the Return Forms under various statutes will also be considerably reduced and where possible dispensed with. Thus, different Return Forms will be consolidated into a single booklet. Wherever possible the information required under different formats will be consolidated in the format of a Master Return which could then be used for filing of returns under various labour Laws.
  4. Labour Reforms
    Keeping in view the rapid rate of obsolescence and need to adopt new technologies in order to survive in the competitive environment, it is imperative to liberalize the requirement under the provisions of Section 9-A of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 which provides for Notice for change under Section 9-A. Thus the State Government in exercise of the powers under Section 9-B of the Act, would liberalize the application of provisions of Section 9-A.