The Passports Act, 1967 has been legislated to provide for the issue of passports and travel documents, to regulate the departure from India of citizens of India and for other persons and for matters incidental or ancillary thereto. It provides that no person shall depart from, or attempt to depart from, India unless he holds in this behalf a valid passport or travel document. For the purposes of this Act, ‘passport’ includes a passport which having been issued by or under the authority of the Government of a foreign country satisfies the conditions prescribed under the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 in respect of the class of passports to which it belongs and ‘travel document’ includes a travel document which having been issued by or under the authority of the Government of a foreign country satisfies the prescribed conditions. The Act provides for various classes of passports and travel documents that may be issued by the competent authority. Classes of Passports:
(a) Ordinary passport (b) Official passport (c) Diplomatic passport
Classes of Travel Documents:
(a) Emergency Certificate authorising a person to enter India (b) Certificate of Identity for the purpose of establishing the identity of person (c) such other certificate or document as may be prescribed.
The Act empowers the central government to prescribe the classes of persons to whom the classes of passports and travel documents referred to above may be issued under this Act.