The Registration of Foreigners Act, 1939 makes it mandatory for all foreigners including those of Indian origin, except those specified under special categories to register themselves with the concerned Registration Officer within fourteen days of their first arrival in India, if they hold a visa for a period which is more than one hundred and eighty days. It is required to get registered only once during the validity of a visa irrespective of the number of times the foreigner leaves or re-enters India on multi-entry facility and if a foreigner enters India on a new visa, he/she will be required to register again.
It is mandatory for every foreigner entering India to furnish the registration report containing a true statement of the foreigner's address in India and such other particulars as may be appropriate to the registration officer. In case of any change of addresses during their stay in India, they are required to inform but report of such information is not necessary for a foreigner holding visa for one hundred and eighty days or less. It is mandatory for every foreigner entering India with a valid visa to obtain a permit from the concerned Registration Officer indicating the period during which he is authorised to remain in India and also indicating the place or places for stay, if any, specified in the visa. So far as the citizens of Pakistan are concerned, they are required to register themselves at the check post of entry into India. They are required to handover one copy of the visa application form, given to them by the Indian Mission abroad while granting visa, to the immigration authorities at the check post of entry, who in turn handover the Residential Permit to the Pakistani national. The Pakistani national has to carry the Residential Permit along with him, to every place of stay, for the purpose of police reporting. This Residential Permit has to be surrendered to the Immigration Authorities at the check post of exit, at the time of departure. The Afghan nationals are required to register themselves with the concerned Registration Officer within seven days of arrival in India, irrespective of the validity of their visa. In case any person contravenes, or attempts to contravene, or fails to comply with, any provision of any rule made under this Act, he shall be punished, if a foreigner, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees or with both, or if not a foreigner, with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees.