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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.


Citizenship by Descent

According to the provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955 a person born outside India shall be a citizen of India by descent -
  1. on or after the 26th day of January, 1950, but before the 10th day of December, 1992, if his father is a citizen of India at the time of his birth; or
  2. on or after the 10th day of December, 1992, if either of his parents is a citizen of India at the time of his birth:

    Provided that if the father of a person who was a citizen of India at the time of his birth (on or after the 26th day of January, 1950, but before the 10th day of December, 1992) was a citizen of India by descent only, that person shall not be a citizen of India unless-
    1. his birth is registered at an Indian consulate within one year of its occurrence or the commencement of this Act, whichever is later, or, with the permission of the Central Government, after the expiry of the said period; or
    2. his father is, at the time of his birth, in service under a Government in India:

      Provided further that if either of the parents of a person (on or after the 10th day of December, 1992) was a citizen of India by descent only, that person shall not be a citizen of India by virtue of this section, unless-
      1. his birth is registered at an Indian consulate within one year of its occurrence or on or after the 10th day of December, 1992, whichever is later, or, with the permission of the Central Government, after the expiry of the said period; or
      2. either of his parents is, at the time of his birth, in service under a Government in India; subject to the provision that on or after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, a person shall not be a citizen of India, unless his birth is registered at an Indian consulate in such form and in such manner, as may be prescribed,-
        1. within one year of its occurrence or the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, whichever is later; or
        2. with the permission of the Central Government, after the expiry of the said period; subject to the provision that no such birth shall be registered unless the parents of such person declare, in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed, that the minor does not hold the passport of another country.
A minor who is a citizen of India and is also a citizen of any other country shall cease to be a citizen of India if he does not renounce the citizenship or nationality of another country within six months of attaining full age. If the Central Government so directs, a birth shall be deemed to have been registered with its permission, notwithstanding that its permission was not obtained before the registration.

Any person born outside undivided India who was, or was deemed to be, a citizen of India at the commencement of the Constitution shall be deemed to be a citizen of India by descent only.