The Indian Forest Act, 1927 was enacted to consolidate the laws related to forest, the transportation of forest produce, and the duty imposed on timber and other forest produce. This act envisages that the State Government may constitute any forest-land or waste-land which is the property of Government, or over which the Government has proprietary rights, or to the whole or any part of the forest-produce of which the Government is entitled, a reserved forest in the manner provided under the Act. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 and The Forest (Conservation) Rules, 1981, provides for the protection of and the conservation of the forests. The Meghalaya Forest (Removal of Timber) (Regulation) Act, 1981 provides to regulate and control removal of timber outside the State of Meghalaya for the preservation of forests and to prevent their indiscriminate destruction and for the connected and incidental matters. The Cattle-trespass Act, 1871 was enacted to consolidate and amend the law relating to Trespasses by Cattle. The Act provides for the Establishment of pounds, Control of pounds, Appointment of pound-keepers, etc. The National Forest Policy, 1988 was enunciated after revise and review of the previous National Forest Policy of 1952 to ensure compensatory afforestation and essential environmental safeguards, maintenance, sustainable utilization, restoration, and enhancement of the natural environment etc. In exercise of the powers conferred under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 and replacing the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 1981, the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2003 was laid down. The Ministry of Environment and Forests has provided for Guidelines for diversion of forest lands for non-forest purpose under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.