The National Labor Relations Board is constituted as an agency of the United States. The Board consists of five members who are appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The President designates one member to serve as Chairman of the Board. Any member of the Board may be removed by the President upon notice and proper hearing for neglect of duty or misconduct in office, but for no other cause.
The Board is authorized to delegate to any group of three or more members any or all of the powers which it may itself exercise.
The Board is also authorized to delegate to its regional directors its powers to determine the unit appropriate for the purpose of collective bargaining and to investigate and provide for hearings and determine whether a question of representation exists It is also authorized and to direct an election or take a secret ballot and certify the results thereof.
A vacancy in the Board does not impair the right of the remaining members to exercise all of the powers of the Board and three members of the Board, at any event, constitute a quorum of the Board.
The Board, at the close of each fiscal year make a report in writing to Congress and to the President briefing significant case activities and operations for that financial year.
The Board is controlled by a General Counsel of the Board who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Such appointment is for a term of four years.