European Union Laws on Employment Applicable in United Kingdom
Being a member, the United Kingdom is bound by the principles and decisions of the organs of the European Union. The United Kingdom is also a party to the European Convention of Human Rights and thus the UK Courts are obliged to interpret the law to give effect to the provisions of the ECHR. The United Kingdom is bound by the decisions of the European Courts of Justice; regulations and directives of the Community Organs of the European Union, especially relating to equal employment opportunities; provision of the Treaty of Rome 1957 (which established the European Economic Community) on equal pay and equal treatment of men and women and the provision of the Treaty of Rome 1957 which allows appropriate action to combat a range of discrimination including sex discrimination after consultation with the European Parliament. Some other obligations of the United Kingdom under European Community Law include the European Economic Community’s Equal Pay Directive, Equal Treatment Directive, Directive on Equal Treatment in social security, Directive on equal treatment in occupational social security schemes, Directive in relation to equal treatment for the self employed, Directive on employer’s obligations to inform employees of conditions applicable to the contract or employment relationship, Pregnant Workers Directive, Working time Directive and the Parental Leave Directive.