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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.

The Employees Provident Funds
and Miscellaneous Provisions Act,

The Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952

This Act is an important social security legislation. It aimed at promoting and securing the well being of the employees by way of provident fund, family pension and insurance to them, inculcating a habit of saving amongst workers, providing a steady workforce to the employers and assisting the government by providing funds of considerable magnitude for utilization on various projects meant for promoting economic and social development of the country and the well being of its people. It provides for the institution of Compulsory Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Deposit linked Insurance Fund for the welfare of employees in factories and other establishments. The provisions of this act apply to 173 industries and the categories of establishments which employ twenty or more persons, such as establishments engaged in manufacturing, marketing, servicing and usage of a computer or deriving any output.

The Employees’ Pension Scheme is applicable to all establishments to which the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 is applicable. After the introduction of the Employees’ Pension Scheme, the Family Pension Scheme, 1971 has been discontinued. All employees in such factory or establishment including contract labour other than casual labour and receiving wages up to Rs.6,500 per month will be regulated by the provisions of the Act. Trainee and apprentices are also not included in determination of the numerical strength. Once the Act applies to any establishment, it shall continue to be governed by the Act, irrespective of the fact that the number of employees working therein have subsequently fallen below 20.

According to the provisions of the act, the employer has to make a contribution of 10% and 12% of employees’ pay the Provident Fund Account. The rate of contribution towards the Employees’ Pension Fund is 8.33% of pay. The employer shall pay the contribution payable to the Employees’ Pension Fund in respect of the member of the Employees’ Pension Fund employed by him directly or by through a contractor. It shall be the duty of the principal employer to pay the contributions payable to the Pension Fund by himself in respect of the employees directly employed by him and also in respect of the employees employed by or through a contractor.

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