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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.

The Beedi and Cigar Workers
(Conditions of Employment) Act,

The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966

The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 has been passed to provide for the welfare of the workers in Beedi and Cigar Establishments and to regulate the conditions of their work and for other connected matters. Under the provisions of this Act, an employee includes a ‘home worker’ who is given raw materials by an employer or a contractor for making beedi or cigar at home and also includes any person who is working with the permission of or under agreement with the employer or contractor. An establishment means both industrial premises and private house where home workers carry on their work. The Act does not apply to the owner or occupier of a private dwelling house who carries on any manufacturing process in such private dwelling house with the assistance of the members of his family living with him and dependent on him provided that the owner or occupier thereof is not an employee of an employer to whom this Act applies. All other working places including dwelling houses where beedi work may be done, have been divided under the Act into two categories viz. Dwelling houses and places other than dwelling houses.

The Act provides that no employer shall use or allow to be used any place or premises as an industrial premises unless he holds a valid licence issued under this Act. The Act provides for the facilities for Cleanliness (Section 8), Ventilation (Section 9), Over Crowding (Section 10), Drinking Water (Section 11), Latrines and Urinals (Section 12), Washing Facilities, (Section 13), Crèche (Section 14), First Aid (Section 15) and Canteens (Section 16) to be provided by the employer.

The following acts are applicable to the Beedi and Cigar Workers:

  1. Payment of Wages Act, 1936;
  2. Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946;
  3. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961;
  4. Chapter IV and Section 85 of the Factories Act, 1948;
  5. Industrial Disputes Act, 1947;
  6. Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923;
  7. Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952;
  8. Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972;
  9. Minimum Wages Act, 1948;
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