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Cyber Laws in IT & ITES

With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law.

Immigration & Emmigration

When a person enters a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence and ultimately gaining citizenship , it is called

Immigration.But the residence of immigrants is subject to the conditions set by the Immigration Law.

The Apprentices Act, 1961

The Apprentices Act, 1961

The objective of the legislature for enacting The Apprentices Act, 1961 was to regulate and control the programme of training of apprentices and for matters connected therewith. The term 'apprentice' means "a person who is undergoing apprenticeship training in pursuance of a contract of apprenticeship". While, 'apprenticeship training' means "a course of training in any industry or establishment undergone in pursuance of a contract of apprenticeship and under prescribed terms and conditions which may be different for different categories of apprentices".

The Act makes it mandatory for the employers both in public and private sector establishments having requisite training infrastructure as laid down in the Act, to engage apprentices in 254 groups of industries covered under the Act. The provisions of this Act shall not apply to - (i) any area or to any industry in any area unless the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette specifies that area or industry as an area or industry to which the said provisions shall apply with effect from such date as may be mentioned in the notification; and (ii) any such special apprenticeship scheme for imparting training to apprentices as may be notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette.

Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGE&T) under the Ministry of Labour is responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in the Central Government Undertakings and Departments. It has six Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship Training for the purpose, located at Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kanpur and Faridabad. While, State Apprenticeship Advisers are responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in State Government Undertakings/ Departments and Private Establishments.

Besides, Department of Higher Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Graduate, Technician and Technician (Vocational) Apprentices.  This is done through four Boards of Apprenticeship Training located at Kanpur, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.

To implement the provisions of the Apprentices Act, 1961, Central Government Apprenticeship Establishment for Centre and States has been formed. In exercise of the powers conferred by, subsection of section 37 Apprentices Act, 1961 (52 of 1961) and after consulting the Central Apprenticeship Council, Apprenticeship Rules, 1962 and Apprenticeship Rules, 1992 have been formed by the Central Government. There is a list of 153 Trades designated under the Apprentices Act, 1961. Central Apprenticeship Council (CAC) has been established as an apex statutory tripartite body to advise the Government on laying down of policies and prescribing norms & standards in respect of Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS).

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